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Good practice examples > Serbia > Support to Sustainable Transport in the City of Belgrade
Support to Sustainable Transport in the City of Belgrade
February 9, 2015
Name of GP initiative

Support to Sustainable Transport in the City of Belgrade

Number of GP initiative SRB 3

Belgrade / Serbia

Author/Email Dušana Todorović /dtodorovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Aleksandar Jovović /ajovovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Institution University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year of implementation: 2010 - 2014
Time horizon of initiative/map/etc.: 10 years

General description:

The project’s goal is to improve the transport management infrastructure, while supporting environment friendly development in Belgrade, and assisting the country in meeting its commitments to the UNFCCC, by reducing metropolitan GHG emissions through increased use of sustainable transport modes, as well as by integrating land-use and transport planning. The project is of local character. However, the project has been initiated under the overall initiative comprised of projects of similar nature, financed under the GEF framework, that support introduction of sustainable transport solutions and development of sustainable urban mobility plans in urban areas across the World.

Steps in creating the initiative/roadmap/strategy:

The GEF funded “Support to Sustainable Transport in the City of Belgrade” project is implemented by UNDP Serbia in partnership with Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection and the City of Belgrade, through its Land Development Agency and Secretariat for Transport. Project was initiated jointly by project partners based on the conclusions of a consultative process. Initial steps were taken by the National Focal Point for the Global Environment Facility (the GEF) and UNDP CO in Serbia in securing the basic project concept and endorsement letter. Upon initial proposals submitted by UNDP, the City of Belgrade expressed interest to develop and implement project that would provide additional support, to already ongoing activities of municipal government, in order to improve transport system and introduce sustainable urban mobility. Targeted reduction of metropolitan GHG emission remained one of the overall goals of the project. Final project document has been officially approved by the GEF in late 2010, while implementation of project activities started in 2011. Project was implemented through four components/main outcomes. Project has been officially closed in November 2014.

Targets and target determination:

The project activities are grouped around four main outcomes:

  1. Integrated land use and urban transport planning at the metropolitan level
  2. Promotion of the cycling transport mode and increase safety of cyclists
  3. Safe and sound to school program (improving the safety of children in traffic while minimizing the impact of such traffic on environment)
  4. Capacity building (through train-the-trainers programme on eco-driving)

Component 1 – Sustainable Urban Transport Plan (SUTP) / Results achieved

  • Analysis of the Urban and Transport Policy,
  • Overview of the Legal and Strategic Framework,
  • Capacity Assessment and Financial Resources Plan,
  • Work Plan for the SUTP Process,
  • Communication Plan,
  • Baseline analysis, Do-nothing/do-something analyses and the Business-as-usual scenario,
  • Cost-benefit analysis concluded on the business-as-usual scenario,
  • Final Report.

Long term effects of the 1st Component:

  • Integration of economic, social and environmental dimensions into Urban Traffic Planning Context;
  • Improving City Development Perspectives - improved regional competitiveness;
  • Compliance with EU legislation in the field of air pollution, noise, harmful emissions;
  • Improving access to European Cohesion Funds for regional development;

Component 2 - Promotion of cycling as a transport mode:

  • Cycling as a measure of direct GHG emissions reductions from transport sector;
  • Preparation and implementation of a Cycling Awareness Raising Campaign (www.biciklirajbeogradom.com);
  • Organization of promotional bicycle rides;
  • Institutionalization of celebration of European Mobility week since 2012;
  • Completion of Study on the Safety of Cyclists in the Traffic;
  • Marking cycling routes in Belgrade City – in parallel to regular activities of the municipal government;
  • Two additional bicycle routes were marked to Belgrade recreational areas - 25 km towards Bojcinska forest and 13 km towards Mountain Avala;

Safe and sound to school program (improving the safety of children in traffic):

  • Installation of horizontal and vertical signalization near primary schools downtown Belgrade in order to reduce traffic intensity and increase safety;
  • Campaigns to increasing the awareness among pupils and their parents on sustainable urban mobility;
  • Pilot project “Marking safe routes to the Primary School St. Sava” completed, downtown Belgrade;
  • Promoting the concept of “Pedibuss” – guided walking tours for primary school pupils from their homes to schools (using marked trails and vertical signalization);
  • Project documentation prepared for marking safe routes to four additional primary schools in Belgrade;

Capacity building for professional drivers (train-the-trainers programme on eco-driving):

  • Eco-driving training programme completed (25 instructors trained as well as 15 professional drivers);
  • Examples from around the World and from Europe indicate possible savings of up to 1 million euro/year in fuel consumption from public transport vehicles;
  • Public Transport Company of Belgrade will continue with training programme for eco-driving as part of their regular work;

Some of the measurable results achieved:

  • Project activities contributed to measurable reduction in GHG emissions of approx. 1.5% = 20,65 kt CO2 еq (with indirect interventions of project partners even up to 5%);
  • Eco-driving component contributed the most in CO2 savings – buss drivers 8,28 %, track drivers 6,92 % and car drivers 12,65%;
  • In parallel to project activities, the City of Belgrade improved public transportation fleet: 30 new trams, approx 500 new busses with advanced engines, 83 new trolleybuses, 10 new buses with natural gas engines, additional 8 km of constructed bicycle paths, 15000 newly registered cyclists, new bridge on Sava River etc.
  • Awareness raising results – increased number of cyclists for approx 30%; Number of people interested for cycling raised for 20% (60% interested for using rent-a-bike services), 40 bicycles delivered to the Government authorities to stimulate sustainable commuting to work.

The overall direct GHG mitigation potential of the sustainable transport measures done in the project framework is estimated on cumulative reduction of 99,832 kt of CO2-eq for the period 2012 – 2020, or approximately 0,53% of the estimated baseline emissions under business-as-usual. Concerning the potential indirect GHG mitigation potential of the project activities, the project replications in the cities Nis and Novi Sad, as cities similar in range and infrastructural management, reductions of approximately 1,5 and 2 kt CO2-eq. per year, respectively. The expansion and wider application of eco efficient driving techniques, for example to the total number of commercial vehicles in the city of Belgrade, can bring an annual reduction of the city of Belgrade road transport sector GHG emissions of approximately 4 kt CO2-eq. The establishment and implementation of integrated city transport management and control system, as part of the Sustainable Urban Transport Planning of the city of Belgrade, can bring an annual reduction of approximately 20kt of CO2-eq.

Success factors/barriers:

  • The project activities are fully complementary to regular activities of project partners, namely Belgrade Secretariat for Transport and Belgrade Land Development Agency. The project was initiated as a supporting tool for development of sustainable urban transport system in the City of Belgrade while reducing the levels of metropolitan GHG emission.
  • According to expert projections, the project activities supposed to achieve approximately 160 kt or 160 000 t CO2-eq. cumulative reductions of GHG emission till 2020. Eco-driving techniques and training in the public transport is first rated mitigation activity, followed by the cycling and safe road to school components.
  • The City of Belgrade – Public Transport Company continued with eco-driving trainings as part of their regular activities with the aim of training 300 drivers per year in average. Technical support provided through the project resulted in the fact that the Secretariat for Transport and Belgrade Land Development Agency continued to improve cycling infrastructure and road network, horizontal and vertical signalization in school zones as part of their regular activities.
  • Background documentation prepared for the development of Sustainable Urban Transport Plan for Belgrade has already been incorporated in planning documents of the Belgrade Land Development Agency, thus significantly helping in achieving GHG reduction targets set by the project.

Exert judgments of indirect emissions reductions:

  • Expansion of the project activates – application of eco efficient driving techniques on the total number of commercial vehicles in the city of Belgrade, including the heavy duty vehicles = annual reduction of approximately 6kt CO2-eq.
  • The establishment and implementation of integrated city transport management and control system as part of the SUTP = annual reduction of approximately 20kt of CO2-eq per year;

All in all, project significantly contributed in improving local technical capacities, knowledge and skills of municipal authorities for fostering sustainable urban mobility at metropolitan level. This means that Belgrade City authorities are now capable of executing and monitoring sustainable urban mobility actions as part of their regular work. However, overall conclusions indicate that further support is needed in the area of integrated monitoring, reporting and verification of the metropolitan GHG emission, as well as in sustainable urban development and climate smart planning.

Responsibility for application:

  • UNDP CO Serbia
  • The City of Belgrade – Secretariat for Transport, Belgrade Land Development Agency
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection

Implementation costs:

  • GEF - US$ 950,000

In kind contributions:

  • City of Belgrade - US$ 4,242,915
  • Land Development Agency - US$ 2,259,036

Economic effects (GDP, employment):



Project visibility:

This document was developed in the framework of the LOCSEE project.

European Union SEE Regional Policy Network collaboration area (members only) Regional Policy Network