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Good practice examples > Serbia > Moving on to Energy Efficient Lighting – Serbian universities lead by example
Moving on to Energy Efficient Lighting – Serbian universities lead by example
February 10, 2015
Name of GP initiative

Moving on to Energy Efficient Lighting – Serbian universities lead by example

Number of GP initiative SRB 1
Region/country

Belgrade / Serbia

Author/Email Dušana Todorović /dtodorovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Aleksandar Jovović /ajovovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Institution University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year of implementation: 2013
Time horizon of initiative/map/etc.:  

General description:

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) project entitled “Global Market Transformation for Efficient Lighting” (or: en.lighten initiative) aims at accelerating global market transformation to environmentally sustainable lighting technologies by developing a coordinated global strategy and providing technical support for the phase-out of inefficient lighting. This will reduce global greenhouse gas emissions from the lighting sector and mercury release from associated fossil fuel combustion. The efforts supported within this project will lead to a raised understanding of energy saving effects from the increase in efficiency of lighting through the demonstration activity.

The project has convened governments and lighting experts from over 40 international organisations to deliver guidance on the development and successful implementation of national and regional efficient lighting strategies. A global target of 2016 has been set for all countries to have phased out, be in process of phasing out, or have policies in place to phase-out inefficient incandescent lamps.

A national team, formed within the en.lighten initiative, that includes representatives from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, former Ministry of Energy, Development and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia and the company OSRAM, with active support of UNEP, had identified lecture theatre “А” of University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, as the first demonstration site in Serbia.

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering is the oldest and largest educational and scientific institutions in the field of mechanical engineering in Serbia and former Yugoslavia. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering performs bachelor’s, specialist, master's and doctoral programs, as well as specific forms of study - courses for innovation of knowledge, continuous (continuous) vocational education and training, distance learning and seminars in the field of mechanical engineering.

Faculty building has been desinged in 1955. and its construction is completed in 1960. Building has been built to the highest standards of that time and was one of the most modern faculty buildings in this part of Europe. During the previous decades building suffered minimal changes. Today, from energy efficiency point of view, building is in very poor condition.

For this project, it is important to note that the inefficient lightning prevails in the building (incandescent lamps and old type of fluorescent tubes), so there is a great potential for electricity savings by replacement of inefficient with efficient lightning. Considering that current lightning does not provide sufficient illumination, setting up new efficient lighting systems at Faculty would have additional effect in the form of raising the studying conditions and student’s health.

This pilot project is a step in the right direction, a first demonstration project within the en.lighten initiative that could be replicated in the country, paving the way towards efficient lightening in Serbia.

Steps in creating the initiative/roadmap/strategy:

Energy efficiency for the Republic of Serbia is one of the fundamental objectives of energy policy and one of the five strategic priorities for the development of the energy sector. During recent years Serbia has worked hard to strengthen its capacity to achieve better results in the field of energy efficiency. Numerous positive results in this field are achieved, through the adoption of a series of legislative acts, public campaigns and numerous invested funds allocated from the budget and from international donations.

Serbian Law on Efficient Energy Use certainly makes a key breakthrough in efforts to raise energy efficiency in all sectors. Reducing energy consumption through energy efficiency and the implementation of modern lighting systems in public and private sector, although very important, currently isn’t a priority of the Republic of Serbia. The reason for this is primarily implementation costs, but as well as the poor condition of energy efficiency in systems for production and distribution of energy as well as thermal performance of buildings. They, currently, are priorities due to high losses, and major opportunities for savings.

In the process of accession to the European Union Serbia has to harmonize its legal framework with the EU legislation, so in the next period may be expected development and adoption of missing documents (EU Regulations and Directives) and National Efficient Lighting Strategy.

In period from December 2012 till October 2013, activities within the project include:

  1. Fact finding on policies for energy efficiency lighting
  2. Coordination of the demonstration project. The required steps include:
    • set up a national team including researcher, representative of former Ministry of Energy, Development and Environmental Protection (fMEDEP), and en.lighten partner (OSRAM)
    • identify a demonstration site, in consultation with UNEP and MEDEP .
    • procurement the energy efficient lighting equipment and lightings
    • preparation and coordination the change of lighting.
    • measure the lighting service, environmentally friendliness of the lighting, energy consumption, before and after the installation of energy efficient lighting system .
  3. Communication
    • Preparation and organisation of inspiring events with press release
    • Development of communication materials: brochure or leaflet in Serbian and web-pages to be uploaded/linked to fMEDEP website.

Within the task of identification of potential demonstration site, National team, consisting of representatives of University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, OSRAM and former Ministry of Energy, Development and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia in consultation with UNEP, considered several locations.

Buildings of state University of Belgrade:

  • Faculty of Civil Engineering,
  • Faculty of Architecture,
  • Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy,
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.

Government buildings:

  • Building of Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia,
  • The Palace of Serbia,
  • Building of Ministry of Finance and Economy,
  • Building of the National Assembly.

Building of elementary school "King Peter II Karadjordjevic".

Taking into consideration eligibility criteria (visibility of Project results and GHG mitigation potential) and condition of lightning in all seen buildings lecture theatre “A” of University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering has been identified as the first demonstration site in Serbia.

Targets and target determination:

The global transition to energy efficient lighting globally would save billions of dollars in electricity costs and would boost economies and create green jobs in lighting and lighting-related industries. Improved access to electricity for millions of people would lead to increased productivity, and quality of life improvements. The transition to energy efficient lighting is a win-win-win for the lighting industry, governments and end users worldwide.

The en.lighten initiative is one of the most remarkable public private partnerships to emerge in the context of international climate change efforts. By promoting a globally coordinated effort, the project aims to accelerate the transition to efficient lighting to mitigate climate change, while delivering a more reliable electricity supply and increased energy security to developing and emerging countries.

The initiative has set the target to achieve the global phase-out of conventional incandescent lighting by the year 2016. This is an ambitious goal but it is already happening in many parts of the world. With the creation of the Global Efficient Lighting Partnership, which helps countries to develop both the policy template and also practical measures, a worldwide phase-out by 2016 is not only possible but also infinitely achievable.

Success factors/barriers:

For this specific project site in Serbia, sucess factors are already visible, thanks to very good dissemination of Project results and ideas in Serbia a numerous of institutions have show their interst for implementation of similar projects.

The replacement of all inefficient lighting in the lecture theatre resulted in saving, annually, approximately 75 per cent of the electricity consumption and led to the reduction of 63.4 tonnes CO2 emissions per year, compared to the previous situation. Furthermore, with implementation of this project beter conditions for learning are created (Figure 1.).

Figure 1. Lecture theatre “A” of University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, before and after Project activities

Possible barriers for further implementation of similar projects and for introduction of efficient lightning in Serbia are:

  • high costs of enrgy efficient lightning equipment.
  • lack of appropriate national legislation and funds that would accelerate the transition to energy-efficient lighting
  • as well the low awerness of energy efficiency and needs for GHG emissions reduction.

Responsibility for application:

  • UNEP, Regional Office for Europe:
    Rie Tsutsumi , Programme Officer, rie.tstutsumi@unep.org
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia, Climate Change Department:
    Danijela Bozanic, Head of the Department, danijela.bozanic@eko.minpolj.gov.rs
  • University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering:
    Professor Aleksandar Jovovic, PhD, ajovovic@mas.bg.ac.rs

Implementation costs:

The total cost of project actions amounts to 29,931.00 EUR of which:

  • UNEP: 21,813.00 EUR (27,000.00 USD)
  • OSRAM: 5,000.00 EUR
  • University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering: 3,118.00 EUR

Economic effects (GDP, employment):

Not evaluated.

This document was developed in the framework of the LOCSEE project.

European Union SEE Regional Policy Network collaboration area (members only) Regional Policy Network